Following his death in 632, his followers rapidly expanded the territory under Muslim rule beyond Arabia, conquering huge and unprecedented swathes of territory (from the Iberian Peninsula in west to modern day Pakistan in east) in a matter of decades.Arabia soon became a more politically peripheral region of the Muslim world as the focus shifted to the vast and newly conquered lands.From the 10th century to the early 20th century Mecca and Medina were under the control of a local Arab ruler known as the Sharif of Mecca, but at most times the Sharif owed allegiance to the ruler of one of the major Islamic empires based in Baghdad, Cairo or Istanbul.
It originally belonged to the Church of the East, an ancient Nestorian branch of Eastern Christianity in the Middle East. The Dilmun encompassed the east large side of the Arabian Peninsula, particularly in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia.
One of the earliest inscriptions naming Dilmun is that of King Ur-Nanshe of Lagash (c.
The kingdom of Lihyan (Arabic: لحيان) or Dedan is an Ancient North Arabian kingdom.
It was located in northwestern of the now-day Saudi Arabia, and is known for its Ancient North Arabian inscriptions dating to ca. Kindah was a tribal kingdom that was established in the Najd in central Arabia.
(830,000 sq mi), Saudi Arabia is geographically the fifth-largest state in Asia and second-largest state in the Arab world after Algeria.
Saudi Arabia is bordered by Jordan and Iraq to the north, Kuwait to the northeast, Qatar, Bahrain and the United Arab Emirates to the east, Oman to the southeast and Yemen to the south.
Al-Magar is where the first domestication of animals occurred, particularly the horse, during the Neolithic period.
Jubail Church is a 4th-century church building near Jubail, Eastern Province, discovered in 1986.
The area of modern-day Saudi Arabia formerly consisted of four distinct regions: Hejaz, Najd and parts of Eastern Arabia (Al-Ahsa) and Southern Arabia ('Asir).
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia was founded in 1932 by Ibn Saud.